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Throughout the Ottoman Empire, a crucial goal of education was to raise 'good Muslims'. Hence there was a need for Islamic scholars, which was sustained through Islamic Theology Schools, called Madrasa.In 1913, the Medresetü-l Eimmeti vel Hutaba (School of ministers and preachers Medresetü-l Vaazin were combined to form the concrete origins of today's Imam Hatip high schools
In 1924, the Tevhid-i Tedrisat (Law of Marriage of Educational Guideline was passed, changing the existing, primarily sectarian academic system with a secular, centralist and nationalist education one. The brand-new law brought all universities under the control of the Ministry of National Education. A Professors of Theology at the Darülfünun (Istanbul University), special schools for training imams and hatips (ministers and preachers) were opened by the new Ministry of National Education. However, in 1930 İmam Hatip schools were closed and 1933 the Faculty of Divinity was abolished.
In contrast to the solely secularist nature of the education policy of the Republican Individuals's Party (CHP) spiritual education was reinstated in 1948. This consisted of the facility of a Faculty of Faith at the University of Ankara in 1949. Initial steps for the facility of Imam Hatip schools began in 1951 under the Democrat Party government, which set up 7 unique secondary schools (Imam Hatip Okulları). In addition, in 1959 Islamic Institutes were opened for graduates of Imam Hatip schools.
Following the coup d'etat in 1960, Imam Hatip schools came across the hazard of closure. Following the go back to civilian politics and the intro of the new constitution in 1961, graduates of Imam Hatip schools could just enrol in university programmes if they had passed courses provided at nonreligious schools. During the premiership of Süleyman Demirel nevertheless, graduates of Imam Hatip schools were admitted to university without such requirements. The 1971 Turkish coup d'état presented 2 essential reforms: first of all junior high Imam Hatip schools were eliminated, and in 1973 Imam Hatip schools were relabelled as Imam Hatip high schools. Under the subsequent National Education Basic Law, Imam Hatip schools were defined as trade schools, where trainees were to be trained as preachers and ministers or gotten ready for college.
Imam Hatip schools grew slowly initially, however their numbers expanded quickly to 334 during the 1970s. The coalition federal government of 1974, developed by the CHP website and the MSP (National Redemption Party), committed to resume junior high schools and providing the right of entry to university through examination. 230 brand-new Imam Hatip high schools were opened in a period of nearly 4 years. During the 1974-75 academic year the number of trainees attending to the Imam Hatip high schools grew to 48,895. This number consequently grew to 200,300 by 1980-81. In addition, women gained the right of entry to Imam Hatip high schools in 1976. The expansion of Imam Hatip high schools is often mentioned as the effect of the National Redemption Celebration's subscription of a number of unions with Nationalist Front governments.
Circumstance since 1980
The coup d'etat of September 12, 1980 is a vital turning point in the history of Turkey and also for the history of İmam-Hatip high schools. Under military governance, graduates of Imam Hatip high schools acquired the right of entry to all university departments. In 1985, 2 new Imam Hatip high schools opened, one in Tunceli, despite of the so-called ethnic structure of the area, and the other in Beykoz as an Anatolian Imam Hatip High School, with the aim of contributing to the education of kids of households who work abroad. Although the number of Imam Hatip high schools had actually not increased since, the number of trainees attending Imam Hatip high schools has increased by 45%. This is partially due to the enhancement in the quality of Imam Hatip high schools and the education offered at such schools.
Throughout the education year of 1973-74, the overall number of Imam Hatip trainees was 34,570; in 1997 this number had sharply increased to reach 511,502. Alongside this huge boost in appeal, the variety of schools also increased. The number of Imam Hatip junior high reached 601 and secondary schools 402. The boost in both student and school numbers can be attributed to aspects including the commitment of individuals to religion, dormitory facilities, scholarships, the admittance of women and an increase in need for religious education.
Research recommends that between the years of 1993 and 2000, potential students signed up at Imam Hatip high schools primarily to receive religious tutoring alongside a more general education.In addition, research study reveals enrolment at Imam Hatip high schools was based entirely on the student's choice. The 3rd suggested factor in the increase in appeal of Imam Hatip schools is the admission of female students in 1976. By 1998, almost 100,000 females went to Imam Hatip high schools, making up almost half of all students. This figure is especially exposing since ladies are not eligible to become either priests or ministers.
Nevertheless, the intro of 8 years of obligatory education in 1997 has seen an unexpected decline in the appeal of Imam Hatip schools. In 1999, the reclassification of Imam Hatip schools as "vocational schools" suggested that, although more alternatives had actually been provided to graduates, achieving places at prominent university courses ended up being more difficult.By requiring that all 8 required years of education be spent under the same primary-school roofing, middle schools were eliminated. Kids could not get in professional schools (one of them the Imam Hatip school) until the ninth grade (instead of the sixth, as prior to).